Philosophy & Organizing Framework
The faculty of the Carolyn McKelvey Moore School of Nursing hold certain values about nursing and the educational process. These values form the framework in which learning activities move in a logical progression throughout the curriculum and are based on the following concepts:
A client is a unique holistic individual with worth, rights, and responsibilities. All clients have needs. Fulfillment of these needs occurs within the context of their culture and responses to life experiences.
Health is a dynamic state that encompasses the holistic client. Health results from the client's response to changes in the internal and external environments. Health occurs along the wellness/illness continuum and is influenced by personal and cultural values.
Environment is the conditions or influences within which the client exists. Stimuli within the internal and external environment are constantly interacting and affecting the individual, family, and community’s position on the wellness/illness continuum.
Nursing, as an art and science, is a dynamic profession with an evolving body of knowledge that is supported by research within the profession as well as from principles and theories from other disciplines. Nursing focuses on assisting clients to meet needs along the wellness/illness continuum. Nurses use the nursing process in the promotion, maintenance, and restoration of health in culturally diverse clients throughout their lifespan. Changes in the current healthcare environment reflect an increased complexity in client needs and delivery systems and, thus, necessitate various levels of nursing educational preparation.
Baccalaureate nursing utilizes evidence-based practice to provide care to culturally diverse individuals, families, populations, and communities across a variety of settings. Baccalaureate nursing practice integrates knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes essential for performing the interrelated roles of provider of care, designer, manager, and coordinator of care, and member of a profession. The baccalaureate-prepared nurse possesses the professional values, core competencies, and core knowledge identified by the Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 2008).
The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice (2008) was used to structure and organize the nursing curriculum. The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education is implemented throughout the curriculum using the concepts of critical thinking, research (Scholarship of Evidence-Based Practice), communication (Interprofessional Communication and Collaboration; Information Management), leadership and management (Basic Organizational and Systems Leadership; Health Policy), health promotion (Clinical Prevention and Population Health) and professional development (Professionalism and Professional Values).
Critical thinking “includes questioning, analysis, synthesis, interpretation, inferences, inductive and deductive reasoning, intuition, application and creativity” (AACN, White Paper on the Education and Role of the Clinical Nurse Leader, 2007).
Core competencies, derived from the Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice and the SON Program philosophy, are operationalized to determine student learning, course, and program outcomes and are used by faculty to facilitate student achievement of these outcomes. The Competency Outcomes and Performance Assessment Model (COPA) is used to assess student achievement of outcomes. The COPA Model emphasizes practice-based outcomes, practice-focus learning, and structured, objective assessment of performance competencies.